Need a Minecraft server? BeastNode offers the highest performance servers with DDoS protection!

Shop for plans now


Common Linux SSH/Shell Commands

This is a list of frequently used Linux SSH/shell commands. It may not apply to all Linux distributions.

cd : change directory (ex: cd /home)

dir: list files in directory
ls : list files in a certain directory (ex: ls /home)
ls -al : list all files in current directory

vi : opens vi editor to edit files (ex: vi filename)

rm : deletes a file (asks for confirmation)
rm -f : deletes a file w/o confirmation
rm -rf : deletes a folder and all files within it w/o confirmation (be very careful!)

cp : copy a file (ex: cp file1 file2)

top : shows live system stats such as CPU, RAM, load, etc

ps : shows process status - every program on the VPS will have a process ID (PID)
ps aux : shows all processes
ps U username : show processes from user

df -h : show disk space and partition info
du -sh : shows disk space summary in human readable format (ex: du -sh * - shows disk space usage of everything in current directory)

kill : terminate a process (obtain process IDs via "top")
kill -9 : force kill a process (ex: kill -9 PID)

Was this answer helpful?

 Print this Article

Also Read

Install Team Fortress 2 Server on a VPS

To run your very own Team Fortress 2 server on a BeastNode VPS (running CentOS 6 64-bit, not...

Emails Not Being Sent

By default, email ports are blocked from outbound connections to reduce abuse and lower the...

How to Use the VPS Serial Console

The VPS serial console allows you to access your cloud VPS server with SSH directly from the back...

Install Minecraft Pocket Edition Server (Nukkit) on CentOS 7 64-bit

Installing Minecraft: Pocket Edition servers has never been easier with the advent of Nukkit (the...

VPS offline or suspended without notice?

We have an automated anti-abuse system that may suspend your VPS if there is any abusive activity...